Department of Economics
Department of Economics


Dr. Moazam Mahmood

Professor, Department of Economics
Research Interests

Macroeconomics, Growth, Labour Markets, Development: Theory and Policy.


Economic Growth


Reports, monographs and journal articles

Moazam Mahmood. (in press). Three Regularities in Development (monograph). London: Palgrave.
Moazam Mahmood and F. Bonnet. (in press). Growth and welfare in the BRICS. In The Oxford handbook of the BRICS. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
ILO. (2016). Transforming jobs to end poverty 2016. Geneva: ILO.
ILO. (2016). Growth employment and decent work in LDCs 2016. Geneva: ILO.
ILO. (2014). World of work report: Developing with jobs. Geneva: ILO.
ILO. (2013). Global employment trends 2013: Recovering from a second jobs dip. Geneva: ILO.
ILO. (2012). Global employment trends for women 2012. Geneva: ILO.
ILO. (2012). Global employment trends for youth 2012. Geneva: ILO.
ILO. (2012). Global employment trends: Preventing a deeper jobs crisis. Geneva: ILO.
ILO. (2011). Global employment trends for youth: 2011 update. Geneva: ILO.
ILO. (2011). Global employment trends 2011: The challenge of a jobs recovery. Geneva: ILO.
ILO. (2011). Growth employment and decent work in LDCs. Geneva: ILO.
ILO. (2010, August). Global employment trends for youth. Geneva: ILO.
ILO. (2010, January). Global employment trends. Geneva: ILO.
ILO G-20. (2010). The impact of fiscal stimulus on employment. Geneva: ILO.
ILO G-20. (2009–12). Country briefs for China, Japan and the UK.
Dic Lu, Moazam Mahmood and Yu Yongding. (2008). What are the macro-drivers of growth, employment and income in the Chinese economy? A case study in policy coherence and sequencing (China’s Macro Drivers of Growth Paper). Beijing: ILO.
Zhang Junfeng and Moazam Mahmood. (2007). Employment, decent work and poverty reduction in urban China (Integration, Regional and Country Policy Coherence Report No. 4). Beijing: ILO.
Moazam Mahmood. (2005). Poverty reduction in Pakistan: The strategic impact of macro and employment policies (Integration Working Paper No. 46). Bangkok: ILO.
Moazam Mahmood. (2005). Generating decent work for poverty reduction in Cambodia (Integration Working Paper No. 48). Bangkok: ILO.
ILO. (2004). Dialogues in Asia: World Commission on the Social Dimension of Globalization. Bangkok: ILO.
Moazam Mahmood and Gosah Aryah. (2001). The labour market and labour policy in a macroeconomic context: Growth, crisis and competitiveness in Thailand. In Gordon Betcherman and Rizwanul Islam (Eds.), East Asian labor markets and the economic crisis (pp. 245–292). Washington, DC, and Geneva: The World Bank and International Labour Office.
Moazam Mahmood. (2001). Underlying causes of social cleavages in Asia: Employment, property rights and the role of the state. In Nat J. Colletta, Teck Ghee Lim and Anita Kelles-Viitanen (Eds.), Social cohesion and conflict prevention in Asia: Managing diversity through development (pp. 43–64). Washington, DC: The World Bank.
Moazam Mahmood. (1999, March). Evolution of the Asian financial crisis and determination of policy needs and response (ILO Governing Body Paper No. 274/4/2). Geneva: ILO.
Tariq J. Banuri, Shahrukh Rafi Khan and Moazam Mahmood. (Eds.). (1997). Just development: Beyond adjustment with a human face. Karachi: Oxford University Press.
Moazam Mahmood and Durr-e-Nayab. (1995). Towards linking four emerging paradigms in economic theory: Regulationist, institutionalist, postmodernist and post-development. Pakistan Development Review, 34(4, Pt. 2), 673–690.
Moazam Mahmood. (1994). Why children do not go to school in Pakistan: Some estimates and a theoretical framework. Pakistan Development Review, 33(4, Pt. 2), 1231–1248.
Moazam Mahmood. (1993). A macro-analysis of time change in the distribution of land. Pakistan Development Review, 32(4, Pt. 2), 771–787.
Moazam Mahmood. (1992). Profitability, productivity and contractual choice in agriculture. Pakistan Development Review, 31(4, Pt. 2), 911–927.
Moazam Mahmood. (1991). Growth and distribution of agrarian assets in the Punjab. Pakistan Development Review, 30(4, Pt. 2), 1007–1027.
Moazam Mahmood. (1989). Change in land distribution in the Punjab: Empirical application of an exogenous-endogenous model for agrarian sector analysis. Pakistan Development Review, 28(4, Pt. 2), 629–641.
Moazam Mahmood. (1988). A general theoretical framework for analyzing capital accumulation in agriculture. Pakistan Development Review, 27(4, Pt. 2), 621–632.
Moazam Mahmood and Nadeem Ul Haque. (1981). Farm size and productivity revisited. Pakistan Development Review, 20(2), 151–190.

Conference Reports and Papers

Moazam Mahmood, Matthieu Charpe, Ekkehard Ernst, Woori Lee. (2013). On cyclicality and structural rigidities in labour markets: A note for ILO’s G20 Moscow report. Geneva: ILO.

ILO. (2012). Inter-agency report on the private investment and job creation pillar of the G20 multiyear action plan on development: Policy options for closing the global jobs gap created by the crisis – the growth, investment and employment scenarios needed (G-20 Investment and Jobs Report for Mexico). Geneva: ILO.

ILO and the World Bank. (2012). Inventory of policy responses to the financial and economic crisis (joint synthesis report). Washington, DC: The World Bank.

ILO. (2011). Growth, employment and decent work in the least developed countries. Report of the ILO for the Fourth UN Conference on the Least Developed Countries, Turkey.

ILO. (2009–11). China: Policies for recovery from the global financial crisis to maintain and generate employment. Country briefs prepared for the G-20. Geneva: ILO.

ILO. (2011, May). Investment, GDP and employment. Report prepared for the G-20 Development Working Group at the Cannes and Los Cabos summits. Geneva: ILO

ILO. (2010, March). The employment intensity of growth in the G-20 countries: Some lessons for strong, sustainable and balanced growth. Report prepared for the G-20 Washington Summit. Geneva: ILO.

ILO. (2009, March). Assessing the potential impact of the stimulus packages announced by the G-20 countries on generating employment, relative to the jobs lost. Report prepared for the G-20 Stimulus Impact Assessment at Pittsburgh Summit. Geneva: ILO.

Moazam Mahmood. (2007). Setting policy directions for job creation and poverty reduction. ARF Policy Paper prepared for the Asian Regional Forum on Growth, Employment and Decent Work, Beijing (Theme 1A). Geneva: ILO.

Country Papers

Moazam Mahmood and Griffin Nyrongo. (2010, January). Policy coherence for generating employment and decent work in Zambia especially in the context of the crisis (Policy Coherence Initiative Paper No. 19). Geneva: ILO.

Moazam Mahmood. (2009). Concept note for an employment guarantee scheme for Pakistan as a coherent policy response to the economic and social crisis. Geneva: ILO.

Moazam Mahmood. (2009). Policy coherence for generating employment and decent work in Mozambique. Geneva: ILO.

Moazam Mahmood. (2008). Liberia: Policy coherence and sequencing to move from post-conflict poverty to sustainable growth. Geneva: ILO.

Last Position

International Labour Organization

Director Research Department, Geneva

Last Responsibilities

  • Production of ILO’s annual flagships
  • World Employment and Social Outlook (WESO)
  • Transforming Jobs to End Poverty 2016
  • Developing with Jobs 2014
  • WESO Trends 2014–16
  • WESO Youth 2014–16
  • WESO Women 2014–16
  • Global Employment Trends 2010–13
  • Global Employment Trends for Youth and Women 2010–13
  • Growth Employment and Decent Work in LDCs 2011 and 2016

Degrees :
PhD Economics, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, UK, 1989
MPhil Economics, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, UK, 1982
BA (Hons) Economics, Essex University, UK, 1977

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